Simon-René Simoneau was the 6th great-grandfather of Robert Perrault and the fifth child of René Simoneau and Marguerite Delepraye. He was born in 1664 on the Île de Bouin in the heart of the Vendean Breton marsh in the district of Les Sables d’Olonnes in old Poitou, (the current department of Vendée), France. He was baptized on 10 Oct 1664 in the church of Bouin.1
René was a soldier in the Company of M. Saint-Martin,2 and immigrated to New France in 1698.3 He was known as René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin (“without worry” or “without sorrow”), a nickname that would seem to indicate that he had a cheerful disposition.4 The first mention of René in Canada occurs with his marriage in 1699. He could not sign his name on his marriage contract, and we must assume that he was a man of little education.5
On November 23, 1699, René Simoneau married Jeanne Moreau, the daughter of Jean Moreau dit LaGrange and Anne Couture.6 A fille du roi, Anne Couture had immigrated to Canada in 1665 at the age of 24 from Saint-Hilaire d’Illiers, Orléanais.7 She married Jean Moreau dit LaGrange on November 12, 1665 at Château-Richer.8 Jean was born about 1635 in Saint-Philibert-de-Grandlieu, Nantes, Brittany; the date of his immigration is not known.9 Jeanne, the fifth of their seven children, was born on January 28, 1676 in Sainte-Famille, Île de Orléans, Québec.10 Jeanne had first married Joseph Dalleret at Saint-Laurent, Île de Orléans on November 23, 169511 and both parents were present at the baptism of their only child, Marie-Angélique on 13 Jan 1697.12 However, Joseph died after that date and before Jeanne’s marriage to René Simoneau on 23 Nov 1699.
Following their marriage, René and Jeanne resided with her parents in St-Laurent, Île de Orléans,13 where their first child, René, was born on October 4, 1700.14 It is through this child that our Simoneau ancestors are descended. On Friday, April 1, 1701, René Sr. was hospitalized for 16 days, at which time he left the army.15 By 1702, the Simoneau family had moved to the parish of Saint-Thomas de Pointe-à-la-Caille in Montmagny where their daughter Jeanne was born on April 7, 1702.16
René Simoneau and Jeanne Moreau had nine children:
- René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 4 Oct 1700 in St-Laurent, I.O.;17 married Marie Françoise Geneviève Lambert on 4 Feb 1727 in St-Nicolas, Lévis;18 died 17 Feb 1785 in St-Nicolas, Lévis.19
- Marie Jeanne dite Sanschagrin, born 7 Apr 1702 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;20 married Charles Chalut dit Lagrange on 15 Nov 1728 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;21 died 15 Jul 1742 in Québec City.22
- Jean Baptiste Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 13 May 1704 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;23 married Marie Anne Vermet on 24 Mov 1727 in Bertier-en-Bas, Montmagny;24 died 23 May 1790 in Cap-St-Ignace, Montmagny.25
- Pierre Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 22 May 1707 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;26 married Marie Angélique Bilodeau on 25 Oct 1735 in Berthier-en-Bas, Montmagny;27 married Suzanne Hayot on 2 Feb 1750 in St-Vallier de Beaumont, Bellechasse;28 married Marie Josèphte Martin after 13 Jan 1756 and before 15 Sep 1758 in an undetermined location;29 died 11 Aug 1775 in L’Islet.30
- Michel Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 19 Feb 1709 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;31 married Angélique Renaud-Locat on 7 Jan 1737 in St-Nicolas, Lévis;32 died 5 Dec 1790 in Nicolet.33
- Joseph Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 19 Feb 1711 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;34 died 19 Oct 1712 in St-Thomas, Montmagny.35
- Charles Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 18 Jan 1714 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;36 married Marguerite Vermet on 18 Jan 1740 in Berthier-en-Bas, Montmagny;37 died 13 Jan 1802 in St-Thomas, Montmagny.38
- Marie Marguerite Simoneau dite Sanschagrin, born 26 Apr 1716 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;39married Charles Marois on 8 Aug 1741 in Québec City;40 married Joseph Dube on 19 Oct 1778 in Montmagny;41 died 15 Oct 1807 in Cap-St-Ignace, Montmagny.42
- Gabriel Simoneau dit Sanschagrin, born 5 Jun 1718 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;43 married Marie Josèphe Blanchet on 23 Nov 1744 in St-Thomas, Montmagny;44 married Marie Marguerite Boucher-Desrosiers on 24 Nov 1755 in St-Nicolas, Lévis;45 died 17 Jul 1780 in St-Nicolas, Lévis.46
On August 23, 1716, René received a concession of 6 arpents (acres) of land from Jean-Baptiste Couillard, Seigneur de la Rivière du Sud. In return, René was required to pay the seigneur each year on All Saint’s Day (November 1), “6 livres in silver and 6 live capons of seigneurial income and 6 sols of income.”47
It is thought that René and Jeanne were very poor, living at the threshold of misery. In 1726, they sold some of their land to their son Jean-Baptiste and divided the remainder of their belongings among their other children. In return, the children guaranteed the care and subsistence of René and Jeanne “until the end of their days.” For the most part, the fulfillment of this obligation appears to have fallen to Charles, their sixth child, with the financial assistance of the other children. René and Jeanne remained in Saint-Thomas until Jeanne’s death on April 25, 1740.48
After the death of his wife, René lived in Saint-Nicolas, Lévis with one of his sons, either René or Michel. On July 6, 1744 René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin died in Saint-Nicolas at the age of 80 and was buried the following day in the cemetery of this parish.49
Notes and Sources:
1Pierre Simoneau, “History of René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin and Jeanne Moreau,” (freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~simoneau/ : accessed 04 Feb 2005), citing extract of the registers of Bouin, Vendée, France, preserved at the Departmental records of the Vendée in la Roche-sur-Yon for the month of October 1664, baptismal certificate of René Simoneau.
2Hubert Charbonneau and Jacques Légaré, Répertoire des Acts de Baptême, Mariage, Sépulture et des Recensements du Québec Ancien (Programme de recherche en démographie historique), database, Université de Montréal: PRDH Online, (http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca), marriage #35496 Rene Cimoneau – Jeanne Moreau.
3“U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s” [database on-line], Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 11 Jun 2014), entry for Simon-Rene Simoneau-Sanschagrin, 1698, Quebec, Canada.
4Simoneau, “History of René Simoneau dit Sanschagrinand Jeanne Moreau.”
6“Québec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967″ [database on-line], digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com), St-Laurent, Ile-d’Orléans, P.Q. Registres B.M.S. 1679-1700, leaf #168, m. Rene Cimoneau-Jeanne Moreau.
7Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 161.
8Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #30159 Jean Moreau Lagrange – Anne Cousture.
9Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, individual #53685 Jean Moreau Lagrange.
10Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #31466 Jeanne Moreau.
11Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #35483 Joseph Dallery – Jeanne Moreau.
12Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #34780 Marie Angelique Dalleray.
13Simoneau, “History of René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin and Jeanne Moreau.”
14Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #34861 René Cimoneau.
15Simoneau, “History of René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin and Jeanne Moreau.”
17Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #34861 René Cimoneau.
18Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #23939 Rene Simonaud – Marie Francoise Lambert.
19Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #372760 Rene Simoneau.
20Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25616 Marie Jeanne Sim_.
21Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #26275 Charles Chalu – Jeanne Simoneau.
22Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #167412 Jeanne Simono.
23Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25665 Jean Baptiste Simoneau.
24Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #27505 Jean Baptiste Simoneau – Marie Anne Vermet.
25Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #390955 Jean Simonau.
26Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25735 Pierre Simonaut.
27Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #138145 Pierre Simoneau – Marie Angélique Billaudos.
28Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760 (Montréal: Institut généalogique Drouin, 1965.) AFGS CD-Rom Library Collection (Woonsocket, RI: American-French Genealogical Society, 1998.), p. 1240.
30Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #372050 Pierre Simoneau Sanschagrin.
31Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25783 Michel Simonau.
32Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #132244 Michel Simonaud – Anglelique Renault.
33Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #390551 Michel Simoneau.
34Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25833 Joseph Simonneau.
35Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #373557 Joseph Simoneau.
36Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25926 Charles Simoneau.
37Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #138155 Charles Symonau – Marguerite Vermette.
38Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #2871266 Charles Simoneau.
39Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25972 Marie Simoneau.
40Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #165016 Charles Marois – Marie Simoneau.
41Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #223404 Joseph Dube – Marie Simoneau.
42Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #2878441 Marie Angelique Simoneau.
43Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, baptism #25999 Gabriel Simoneau.
44Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #136488 Gabriel Simoneau – Marie Josephe Blanchet.
45Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, marriage #207435 Gabriel – Marguerite Boucher.
46Charbonneau and Légaré, PRDH Online, burial #372746 Gabriel Simoneau.
47Simoneau, “History of René Simoneau dit Sanschagrin and Jeanne Moreau.”