Across from City Hall in Québec City, a statue stands upon a pedestal in Parc Montmorency overlooking the St. Lawrence River. The statue honors Louis Hébert, credited with being the first Canadian apothecary, the first European to build a home in Canada, and the first Canadian to successfully support his family by farming the land.
At the base of the pedestal, another statute honors Louis’ wife, Marie Rollet, and their three children: Guillaume (3 years old), Guillaumette (9 years old), and Anne (14 years old).
On the back side of the pedestal is a plaque honoring the earliest families to establish themselves in Québec City. Among the forty-six husbands and wives commemorated on the plaque are fifteen pioneer couples who are ancestors of Robert Perrault, grandson of Nazaire Perrault and Demerise Simoneau.
|Anc = Ancestor of Nazaire Perrault (P) or Demerise Simoneau (S)|
|Rel = Relationship to Robert Perrault||Year = Year of Husband's Arrival in New France|
|Earliest Pioneer Couples|
|Louis Hébert 1||S||9ggf||Apothecary||1617||Marie Rolet 1|
|Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais||S||9ggf||River Pilot||1620||Marguerite Langlois 2|
|Pierre Desportes||S||9ggf||unknown||1620||Françoise Langlois 2|
|Noël Morin||S,P||8ggf||Wheelwright||1620||Hélène Desportes 3|
|Noël Langlois||S||9ggf||Ship's Navigator||1634||Françoise Grenier|
|Jean Guyon dit Du Buisson||S||9ggf||Mason||1634||Mathurine Robin dite Boule|
|Zacharie Cloutier||S,P||9ggf||Carpenter||1634||Xainte Dupont|
|Marin Boucher||S,P||8ggf||Farmer||1634||Perrinne Mallet|
|Jean Côté||S||8ggf||Farmer||1634||Anne Martin|
|Robert Drouin 4||S||8ggf||Tilemaker||1635||Anne Cloutier 4|
|Philippe Amiot||S||9ggf||unknown||1636||Anne Convent|
|François Bélanger||S||8ggf||Mason Bricklayer||1636||Marie Guyon|
|Claude Poulin||S||8ggf||Carpenter||1636||Jeanne Mercier|
|Louis Sédilot||P||8ggf||Farmer||1636||Marie Grimoult|
|Guillaume Fournier 5||S||7ggf||unknown||1651||Françoise Hébert|
1Louis Hébert and Marie Rolet are our earliest known ancestors in North America. They arrived in Québec in July of 1617, three years before the Mayflower landed at Plymouth, Mass.
2Marie Langlois and Françoise Langlois were sisters.
3Hélène Desportes was baptized in Québec on 7 July 1620, making her the first European child born in New France.
4Robert Drouin’s first marriage to Anne Cloutier, daughter of Zacharie Cloutier and Xaintes Dupont is commemorated on this plaque. Anne died in 1648, and Robert married Marie Chapelier in 1649. Our family is descended from the second marriage. “It is almost impossible to trace any French-Canadian genealogy without encountering Robert Drouin among the earliest ancestors.” [Provost, Dictionary of Canadian Biography]
5Many other pioneer couples preceded Guillaume Fournier and Françoise Hébert, but they were mistakenly included on this commemorative plaque. Françoise was the granddaughter of Louis Hébert and Marie Rolet.
SOURCE: Michael Robert, “Monument to Louis Hébert in Québec City.”
Prolific Pioneer Ancestors
The ancestors of Robert Perrault include 10 pioneer couples who are considered to be among the 12 most prolific early pioneer couples. In 1730, the population of New France was 35,297, and the total number of descendants produced up to that point has been estimated at approximately 50,000. With 16,851 descendants attributed to these 12 couples, it seems that they were responsible for about one-third of all descendants produced by 1730!
|Anc = Ancestor of Nazaire Perrault (P) or Demerise Simoneau (S)||Year = Year of arrival in New France|
|Rel = Relationship to Robert Perrault||Desc = Descendants in 1730|
|Descendants of Pioneer Couples in 1730|
|Jean Guyon dit Du Buisson||S||9ggf||St-Aubin de Tourouvre, Mortagne, Perche||1634||Mathurine Robin dite Boule||2 Jun 1615 Mortagne, Perche||2,150|
|Zacharie Cloutier||S,P||9ggf||St-Jean de Mortagne, Perche||1634||Xainte Dupont||18 Jul 1616 Mortagne, Perche||2,090|
|Jacques Archambault||P||8ggf||Dompierre-sur-mer, Charente-Maritime||ca. 1645||Françoise Tourault||24 Jan 1629|
St-Philibert Le Pont- Charrault, Poitou
|Marin Boucher 1||S,P||8ggf||St-Langis-lès-|
|1634||1) Julienne du Baril|
2) Perrinne Mallet
|7 Feb 1611|
29 Mar 1629
|Nöel Langlois||S||9ggf||Alençon, Perche||1634||Françoise Grenier||25 Jul 1634|
|Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais||S||9ggf||LaRochelle,|
|1620||Marguerite Langlois 2||Bef 1620|
dit le Suisse
|S,P||9ggf||Fribourg, Suisse||1649||Charlotte Maugis||ca. 1630|
|Pierre Gagnon 3||-||-||Mortagne, Perche||n/a 3||Reneé Roger||ca. 1597|
|Pierre Desporte 4||S||9ggf||Lisieux, Normandie||1619||Françoise Langlois 2||ca. 1619|
|Louis Hébert 4||S||9ggf||Paris||1617||Marie Rolet||ca. 1602|
|Nicolas Pelletier||P||8ggf||St-Pierre de Gallardon, arr. Chartres, Beuce||1637||Jeanne de Voissy||ca. 1632,|
St-Pierre de Gallardon
|Pierre Gareman1 dit le Picard||-||-||Bagneux, arr. Soissons, Picardie||ca. 1639||Madeleine Charlot||ca. 1628|
|Total number of descendants in 1730||16,851
1François Boucher, son of Marin Boucher from his marriage to Julienne du Baril, married Florence Gareman, daughter of Pierre.
2Marguerite Langlois and Françoise Langlois were sisters.
3Pierre Gagnon died in France; only his wife and 3 children came to Canada.
4Hélène Desportes, daughter of Pierre, married Guillaume Hébert, son of Louis; Hélène was baptized in Québec on 7 July 1620, making her the first European child born in New France. Eustache Martin, son of Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois, was born on 24 Oct 1621 in Québec; he was the first European male child born in New France.
SOURCE: Marcel Fournier, L’immigration européenne au Canada des origines à 1765, Mémoires de la Société généalogique canadienne-française, vol. 42, #3, p. 106-124 (1991). Compiled by Dr. Claude Bordeleau, www.acpo.on.ca/claude/.
Numbers of descendants in 1730 can be compared to numbers in 1760 and 1800 for five of our most prolific early pioneer ancestors. We can only imagine the magnitude of the total number of descendants by 2014 that can be attributed to these five pioneers of New France and their wives!
|Anc = Ancestor of Nazaire Perrault (P) or Demerise Simoneau (S)|
|Rel = Relationship to Robert Perrault|
|Descendants of Pioneer Ancestors: 1730, 1760 & 1800 1|
|Name||Anc||Rel||Before 1730||Before 1760 2||Before 1800 3
|Jean Guyon dit Du Buisson||S||9ggf||2,150||5,546||9,674|
1Number of descendants shown for 1800 includes married descendants only.
2 Mémoires de la Société généalogique canadienne-française, vol. 48, #2, p. 158 (1997). Compiled by Dr. Claude Bordeleau www.acpo.on.ca/claude/
3 Jacques Legare & Hubert Charbonneau, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique(Université de Montréal, PRDH Online)