John Philip Moser was the 3rd great-grandfather of Florence Mosier and one of fourteen children of Johann Georg Fredrich Moser and Maria Barbara Lieser. He was born on 26 Nov 1758 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania.1,2 The area in which he was born was first part of Bucks County and later part of Lehigh County. At the age of 4, Philip (as he was known) migrated with his parents from Pennsylvania down the Great Wagon Road to Stinking Quarter Creek in Orange County (now Alamance County), North Carolina.
Around 1780, Philip Moser married a woman named Catherine3 about whom nothing is known. Philip and Catherine had ten children:
- John Moser, born 28 Aug 1785 in Orange County, North Carolina;4 married Catherine Elizabeth Kepley on 11 Aug 1814 in Harrison County, Indiana;5 died 18 Dec 1865 in Harrison County, Indiana.6
- Elizabeth Moser, born about 1787 in Orange County, North Carolina;7 married Jacob Yenowine on 24 Nov 1806 in Jefferson County, Kentucky;8,9 died before 3 Jan 1837.10
- Magdalena Moser, born about 1789;11 married Samuel Brock on 13 Oct 1807;12 died before 3 Jan 1837.13
- Mary Moser, born about 1791 in Orange County, North Carolina;14 married James Hickman on 10 Feb 1811 in Harrison County, Indiana.15
- Fredrick Moser, born about 1793 in Orange County, North Carolina;16 married Elizabeth Smith on 30 Nov 1815 in Harrison County, Indiana;17 died about 3 Nov 1827 in Floyd County, Indiana.18
- Eve Moser, born about 1795.19
- Sarah Moser, born about 1797; married Andrew Kepley on 10 April 1816; died 28 Jan 1853 in Harrison County, Indiana.20
- Catherine Moser, born about 1799 in Orange County, North Carolina;21 married Jacob Burkhart on 10 Feb 1819 in Floyd County, Indiana;22 died before 29 Jan 1837.23
- George Moser, born 15 Nov 1801 in North Carolina; married Maria Criswell on 14 Jul 1822; died Mar 1880 in Champaign County, Illinois.24
- David Moser, died about 1824.25
On 25 Aug 1786, Philip paid 150 pounds and received a grant from the State of North Carolina for 112 acres of land in Orange County on the south side of the Haw River in the vicinity of Stinking Quarter Creek.26,27 This land adjoined land purchased on the same day by his brother Michael Moser28 and was part of the estate of Henry Eustice McCulloch that had been confiscated and sold at public venue pursuant to an act of the General Assembly.
The European methods of farming practiced by the settlers depended on acquiring new, fertile land to sustain growth. Without rotation of crops and artifical fertilizers, new land had to be cleared for cultivation every seven years. As a result, there was great pressure for new land, not only because of a rapidly expanding population, but because of the deteriorating value of land for agricultural uses.29
Philip Moser was among the thousands of colonists from Pennsylvania to the Carolinas who were lured by the promise of rich fertile lands in the west, beyond the Appalachians. On 6 Sep 1805, Philip sold his 112 acres to Adam Whitsell for $500,30 packed up his family and household goods and made the long trek on the Wilderness Road –through the Cumberland Gap, across Kentucky, and into the Indiana Territory on the western banks of the Ohio River.
Philip Moser’s arrival in Indiana is documented in History of the Ohio Falls Counties.The following is included in the discussion on Georgetown Township, Floyd County:31
“The Burton family from North Carolina, were probably the next settlers in point of time, coming here about 1806. They settled on the north side of Burton’s branch, on a section adjoining the one on which Jacob Yenawine settled and on which Mr. Lafayette Yenawine now lives, near the central and eastern part of the township… About the same time (1806) other emigrants came from North Carolina, among them being the Hickman, Mosier, Sisloff, Burkitt, and Bowman families; and it is not unlikely that these families all came together in the spring of that year, following closely the Burtons. They all settled along Burton’s branch, between the Shields settlement and what is now Edwardsville. James Hickman* squatted on the farm upon which Mr. L. Yenawine now lives, and cleared ten acres there, then sold out in 1811 to Jacob Yenawine*. His brother, Jesse Hickman, settled on an adjoining section. These Hickmans subsequently became, by immigration and increase, a numerous family in the county… Philip Mosier and Philip Sisloff both reared large families on Whiskey Run, and helped to give it that name by erecting distilleries on its banks –a very respectable and lucrative business in those days, and one which was engaged in for many years by the early settlers…”
*Jacob Yenawine married Philip’s daughter, Elizabeth, in 1806; James Hickman married Philip’s daughter, Mary, in 1811.
Philip Moser is listed in the 1810 U.S. Census for Harrison County, Indiana as head of household.32 No other details of that census are available.
The land records for Floyd County include the following entries for Philip Moser33 with transcriptions found in the “Moser Family File”34 located in the New Albany-Floyd County Public Library:
Deed Book J, page 252, Floyd County, Indiana. May 5, 1815.
That John D. Hay of Vincennes, County of Knox, State of Indiana Territory, for and in consideration of $40 paid to him by Philip Moser — for One quarter section of Southwest quarter of Section 34, Township 2, Range 5 East – 160 acres granted to sd. Hay by U.S. by Patent dated 18th Dec. 1813.
/s/J. D. Jay
Recorded Floyd Co., Ind. May 5, 1815
Deed Book H, page 678, Floyd County, Indiana. Jan. 16, 1824.
Philip Moser and Catherine, his wife, of Floyd County, State of Indiana to James Hickman, Sr. of sd. county, etc. That sd. Philip Moser and wife Catherine for sum of $50 do sell — to James Hickman, Sr. — S.W. one quarter of Section 34, Township 2, Range 5 East.
/s/Philip (X) Moser, Catherine (X) Moser
Witness: David Sillings, Philip Sisloff
Came Philip and Catherine Moser and acknowledged deed Jan. 19, 1824
David Sillings, J.P.F.C.
General Index of Deeds in Floyd County, Indiana
Philip Moser (Grantee), Jacob Meeley & wife (Grantor), Book G, Page 4, Oct 29, 1824, Warranty Deed, Lot 27 D.E.F. Meeleys, Georgetown.
Philip’s will is dated 29 Jan 1837 and proved on 10 Dec 1840 [Probate Order Book 1833-46, Page 154, Floyd County, Indiana]:35
In the name of God, Amen, I Philip Moser of County of Floyd, State of Indiana, being weak in body but of sound and perfect mind and memory, Blest be almity[sic] god for the same do make and publish this my last will and testament I give and bequeath unto Jacob Burkhart the Southwest quarter of Land in Section 34 in township 2 Range 5 E where I now live on except what I sold to James Hickman it being about 7 acres providing sd. Burkhart will pay $700 as follows to wit
to my son John Moser – $100 within 1 year after my death
to my son Fredericks children $100 within 2 years of my death
to my daughter Elizabeths children $100 within 3 years
to Magdalena my Daughter to her children $100 within 4 years affer my death
to my daughter Eve $100 within 5 years after my death
to my daughter Mary $100 within six years after my death
to my daughter Sally $100 after my death seven years
the balance of my estate I want sold at public sale together with my personal property and the money aquilly[sic] divided to my children to those that are alive and to those that are dead a childpart to there children as they become of age, except my son George he is to have no part I consider he has already got his. I want my grandchild Patsey Burkhart to take care of the house and property that is in it from my death until there can be a sale and I give and bequeath her one bed and bedding. I also appoint my son John Moser and Jesse Hickman my Executors of this my last will and testament in witness thereof I have hereunto set my seal this 29th day of January 1837.
/s/Philip (X) Moser
Witnesses: David Sillings, William Russell
It is assumed that Philip’s wife, Catherine, died before 1837 since there is no reference to her in Philip’s will.
Philip Moser died on 26 Nov 1840 at the age of 82.36 During his lifetime, he had traveled, probably by conestoga wagon, both the Great Wagon Road and the Wilderness Road. He had witnessed as citizen the entry of two states into the Union, North Carolina in 1789 and Indiana in 1816.
1David B. Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, (Austin, Texas: n.p., 1996), p. 115, #7 John Philip Moser.
2Lacy Weston, “[BrickChurchNC] Fwd: Kimery (Kimbro) and Hopper,” BrickChurchNC-L Archives, discussion list, 13 Oct 1999 (http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/index/BrickChurchNC/1999-10 : accessed 17 Jan 2008), Descendants of Frederick Moser, Sr., generation 2 #5 John Phillip Moser; citing Lutheran Church records.
3Floyd County, Indiana, Deed Book H, page 678, 16 Jan 1824; microfilm image of deed conveying 160 acres of land from Philip Moser and Catherine, his wife, to James Hickman; New Albany-Floyd County Public Library, New Albany, Indiana.
4Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #31 John Moser.
5Jordan Dodd, “Indiana Marriages to 1850” [database on-line], Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12/28/2002), entry for John Moser and Elizabeth Kepley,1814.
6Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #31 John Moser.
7Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 115, #7b Elizabeth Moser.
9Jordan Dodd, “Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850” [database on-line], Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12/28/2002), entry for Eliza Mosar and Jacob Yennowine, 1806.
10Elizabeth died before Philip Moser’s will was written on 29 Jan 1837.
11Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7c Magdalena Moser.
13Magdalena died before Philip Moser’s will was written on 29 Jan 1837.
14Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7d Mary Moser.
15Jordan Dodd, “Indiana Marriages to 1850,” [database on-line], Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12/28/2002), entry for James Heckman and Mary Moser, 1811.
16Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 121, #32 Frederick Moser.
17Dodd, “Indiana Marriages to 1850,” entry for Frederick Moser and Elizabeth Smith, 1815.
18Floyd County, Indiana, “Wills and Probates, 1819-1829,” application by Elizabeth Mosar to administer estate of Frederick Mosar (3 Nov 1827).
19Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7f Eve Moser.
20Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7g Sarah Moser.
21Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7h Catherine Moser.
23Catherine died before Philip Moser’s will was written on 29 Jan 1837.
24Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7i George Moser.
25Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 116, #7j David Moser.
26North Carolina Land Records, Orange County, Deed Book 4, page 159, State of North Carolina No. 160, grant of confiscated land from estate of Henry Eustace McCollough to Philip Mozer; photocopy of conveyance from microfilm image, State Library of North Carolina, Raleigh, N.C.
27Robert O. DeMond, The Loyalists in North Carolina During the Revolution, digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 Feb 2013), Appendix B, Land Confiscated, page 247, entry for ’86, Aug. 25, Orange County, Henry E McCulloch former proprietor, Philip Mozer, purchaser.
28North Carolina Land Records, Orange County, Deed Book 4, page 159, No. 156, grant of land to Michael Mozer.
29“Westward Movement: The Kentucky Microcosm,” Roseann Reinemuth Hogan, Ph.D. Ancestry.com Learning Center
30North Carolina Land Records, Orange County, Deed Book 12, page 109, No. 160, deed conveying land from Phillip Moser to Adam Whitsell.
31L.A. Williams & Co., History of the Ohio Falls Cities and Their Counties, (Cleveland, Ohio: L.A. Williams & Co., 1882), Vol. 2, Part 2, p. 266.
32Ronald V. Jackson, Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp., “Indiana Census, 1790-1890″ [database on-line],” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 Feb 2005); search result for Philip Moser.
33“General Index of Deeds in Floyd County, Indiana 1815-1904,” Indiana State Archives, Moser/Mosier Recorded Transactions in Grantee and Grantor indices transcribed 15 Oct 2004 by Judith Perrault Delmar.
34“Moser Family File,” unattributed notes and research papers found in family history file housed in New Albany-Floyd County Public Library, New ALbany, Indiana.
36Weston, “Descendants of Frederick Moser, Sr.,” generation 2 #5 John Phillip Moser.