Johann Martin Moser1 was the 5th great-grandfather of Florence Mosier and the youngest of seven children of peasant farmer Adam Moser and Maria Strobel. Martin, as he was known, was born on January 10, 1693 in Grossulrichshausen, Mittlefranken (now Bavaria), Germany2.
Martin was a shoemaker by trade. On June 29, 1717, at the age of 24, he married Margaretha Schwembauer, the daughter of Wolf Schwembauer, in Breitenau, Mittlefranken.3 Margaretha’s birthdate and birthplace are not known.
The Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau 1637-1765 include birth records for seven children of Martin and Margaretha and death records for three:
- Maria Magdalena Moser, born 15 Mar 1718 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany; died 28 Aug 1718 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany.4
- N. Moser, born and died 5 Jun 1719 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany.5
- Maria Margaretha Moser, born 7 Jun 1720 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany;6 married Jacob Stanbrook before 1744.7
- Georg Fredrich Moser, born 3 Mar 1722 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany;8 married 22 Apr 1750 in New Hanover, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania;9 died between 21 Feb and May 1800 in Orange County, North Carolina.10
- Maria Barbara Moser, born 12 Dec 1723 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany;11 died 1 Mar 1726 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany.12
- Anna Margaretha Moser, born 27 Mar 1726 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany.13
- Johann Leonhard Moser, born 29 May 1727 in Breitenau, Mittlefranken, Germany.14
As a result of religious or economic pressures, Martin Moser and his family were part of the mass migration from Germany to America that began in the early 1700’s. The family sailed from Rotterdam aboard the ship James Goodwill under the command of ship master David Crokatt and arrived in the port of Philadelphia on September 11, 1728.15 Martin settled with his wife and children in the Perkiomen Valley at New Goshenhoppen, in Philadelphia County (now Montgomery County, near the Berks County line). They were members of the New Hanover (Falkner’s Swamp) Lutheran Church.
Of the children born in Germany, only Georg Fredrich (“Frederick”) and Maria Margaretha have been identified in subsequent records. It is not known whether Anna Margaretha and Johann Leonhard died in transit or after arrival in Pennsylvania, but no record of them in America has been located. Martin and Margaretha16 had at least four more children after arriving in Pennsylvania:
- Barbara Moser,17 born after 1728.
- Johann Philip Moser, born about 1730 in Pennsylvania;18 married Barbara Krangelich;19 died 1817.20
- Johann Michael Moser, born 30 May 1734 in New Goshenhoppen, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.21
- Johann Burkhard Moser, born about 1736 in Pennsylvania;22 married Maria Agatha Lichtenwallner;23 died 1807 in Lynn, Northampton County, Pennsylvania.24
Martin Moser died in 174425 at the age of 51. It is possible that his death was unexpected since he died without leaving a will. An administrator’s bond was executed on April 6, 1744 by Margaretha Moser, Benedict Strom and Herman Fisher of Goshenhoppen and filed with the Register General for Probate of Wills in the County of Philadelphia. The bond required that the deceased Martin Moser’s estate be inventoried and debts settled by April 7, 1745.
No record of Margaretha Moser has been found after 1744, and it is not known when she died.
The following record documenting the dispostion of Martin Moser’s estate was found in the records of Philadelphia County[spelling and punctuation are as found in the records]:
|An Acct of Margt Mosser widow & Relict of Martin Mosser Late of Upper Hannover Townp Yeom deced as well of all & singular the Goods Chattels Rights & Credits wch were of ye sd Deced wch came to ye hands of ye sd accomptant as of her Payments & Disbursements our of ye same as follows|
|The sd accomptant Charges herself wh all & singular the Goods Chattels Rights & Credits wch were of ye sd Deced as mention in an Inventory thereof Eshd into & remaining in the Reg Genls office at Philada||41:13:0||The sd accomptant Prays & allowances for her Payments & Disbursements out of ye same as follows|
|By Jn Potts to him in full for a Debt contracted with him By the Deced||1:4:0|
|By Peter Zoll pd him||:17:0|
|By John Lightenwalder to him pd||2:0:6|
|By Jacob Reiffs pd him on|
acct of admcon
|By appraisers their [ ] & for draw & Inventory &c||:15:[ ]|
|By [ ] for [ ] acct, Invy & making up acct||:7:0|
|By [ ] for fair copy under [ ]||:12:6|
|[ ] Between ye widow & Children||34:12:6|
|To Ball brot down||34:12:6||By ye widow for her||11:10:10|
|By Frederick ye Eldest|
Son 2 shares due to him
|By Margt Stanbrook wife of Jacob Stanbrook due to them||3:5:11 ½|
|By Barbara Moser due to her||3:5:11 ½|
|By Philip Moser||3:5:11 ½|
|By Michl Moser due to him||3:5:11 ½|
|By Burkhard Moser due to him||3:5:11 ½|
Margaret X Mosser
|Inventory of Goods both Real & Personal belonging to the Estate of Martin Moser deceased of Upper Hannover Philadelphia County praised as falloweth:|
|Sadle & Bridle||0||4||0|
|Hough & harrow||1||15||0
|Axes hows & other iron Instruments||1||9||0|
|Horse & Mare||8||0||0|
|2 Cows & Calfs||7||0||0|
|Appraised & taken the 20th Day of October|
Anno Domini 1744 by us
|Gr[ ]man Fisher|
Benedict X Strom
Notes & Sources:
1It was a family custom to give each son the first name of Johann, which became a “throwaway name” as they were usually identified by their second names. The name Maria often served the same purpose for the daughters.
2Gary C. Moser, Moser of Middle Franken and Pennsylvania, 1653-1732 (Martinsville, IN: n.p., 2006), p. 1; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Woernitz, Bavaria, Germany, Births, 1610-1750, p. 201.
3Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 3; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Woernitz, Marriages, 1633-1823, p. 691, “The hardworking bachelor Martin Moser, his trade is shoemaker, son of the Honorable Adam Moser peasant and farmer in Grossulrichshausen and Margaretha, legitimate daughter of the Honorable Wolf Schwembauer, in Breitenau, the Latin having (been) proclaimed three times.”
4Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 3; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Bavaria, Germany, Births 1637-1765, p. 286, and Deaths 1579-1765, p. 123.
5Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 3; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births p. 124.
6Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 3; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births, p. 290.
7Marvin D. Coffey, Joseph Moser and Isabelle Dunagan, Their Ancestors in America,” (Ashland, OR: Marvin D. Coffey, 1990) p. 4.
8Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 4; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births, p. 293.
9“Pennsylvania Marriages Prior to 1810” [database on-line], Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Nov 2005), entry for
Fred’k Moser and Barbara Luser, 1750; citing Record of Pennsylvania Marriages Prior to 1810, 2 volumes, Harrisburg, Penn., 1880.
10David B. Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, (Austin, Texas: n.p., 1996), p. 99, #4 Frederick Moser.
11Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 4; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births, p. 293.
12Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 4; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Deaths, p. 127.
13Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 4; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births, p. 300.
14Moser, Moser of Middle Franken, p. 4; citing Lutheran churchbooks of Breitenau, Births, p. 302.
15ProGenealogists Family History Research Group, The Palatine Project. Database on-line. (http://www.progenealogists.com/palproject/pa/1737sand.htm : accessed 6 Jan 2005), passenger list for ship James Goodwill, entry for Martin Moser, arrived 11 Sep 1728, Philadelphia.
16Some Moser researchers maintain that Margaretha Schwembauer died during the voyage from Germany, that Martin Moser married Margaretha Kunkel shortly after arriving in Pennsylvania and that she is the mother of the children born in Pennslvania. There is apparently no evidence to support this story. As far as our Moser line is concerned, however, Margaretha Schwembauer is documented to be the mother of Frederick Moser.
17Estate papers of Martin Moser, Oct 1744 (Philadelphia County, Transcription).
18Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 99, #1d John Philip Moser.
19Coffey, Joseph Moser and Isabelle Dunagan,” p. 4.
21“Pennsylvania, Lutheran Baptisms and Marriages” [database on-line], Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 Mar 2009) entry for John Michael Moser, 30 May 1734; citing “Early Lutheran Baptisms and Marriages in Southeastern Pennsylvania,” (Philadelphia, PA: n.p., 1896 ).
22Trimble, Moser of North Carolina, p. 99, #1f Burkhard Moser.
25Estate papers of Martin Moser.